It is a great honour to become a judge in India because judges here are like God.  Simply put, judges are the modern-day equivalent of ancient times’ kings and emperors.  No one has a higher status than a judge, a judge has the power to imprison or release someone within a few seconds.

How to Become a Judge in India :

 To become a judge in India, one has to appear for the Judicial Services Examination or PCS (J), also known as the Provincial Civil Services Judicial Examination.  This examination is for law graduates who wish to practice as members of the subordinate judiciary.  The process of becoming a judge is long and challenging, but it can be achieved by working in the right direction with the required qualifications and eligibility criteria.

Ability :

 To appear for the Indian Judiciary Examination, a graduate law degree is required.  Also, any person who has practised law for at least seven years can apply for the judiciary.  Seven years of legal practice can be either as an Advocate, Advocate or Public Prosecutor in any court.  The candidate must be an Indian citizen and have good moral character.

Eligibility :

 To become a judge, a person has to pass the state judiciary examination, which is conducted by.  State Public Service Commission.  A merit list is prepared based on their performance in the written examination and then the candidates are called for an interview and oral examination.  After selection, candidates undergo training for one year and are then appointed as Judicial Magistrate or Metropolitan Magistrate (MM).

 Then they have to serve on the post of Judicial Magistrate for at least three years and after that become eligible for appointment as District Judge.  They can then apply for promotion to the higher judiciary, including the High Court and the Supreme Court.

Salaries for judges :

 The salary of judges depends on their posts and jurisdiction.  A judge posted in a lower judiciary like a district court is appointed on a salary of Rs.  30,000 to Rs.  50,000 per month.  The salary of a judge in the High Court and the Supreme Court is Rs.  1,00,000 to Rs.  2,50,000 per month.

Facilities :

 Along with salary, judges are also entitled to several other allowances and benefits, including official residence, car and medical facilities.

What power does the judge have?

  The power of a judge, especially in the context of the legal system, is significant and quite influential.  Judges play an important role in the administration of justice and upholding the rule of law.  Their authority and responsibilities vary depending on the jurisdiction and level of court in which they serve.  Here are some of the key aspects of the judge’s power:

Adjudication: Judges have the authority to hear and decide legal cases presented before them.  They hear evidence and arguments from both sides of a case and make decisions based on applicable laws and precedents.

Interpretation of Laws: Judges have the power to interpret laws and regulations.  They clarify the meaning of legal provisions and apply them to specific cases.  In many legal systems, the interpretations of judges in higher courts set precedents that guide lower courts in similar cases.

Discretion: Judges often have discretionary power in determining appropriate treatment or punishment.  They consider the circumstances of each case and have the authority to impose punishment, issue injunctions or grant specific relief.

Judicial Independence: Judges enjoy judicial independence, which means they are free from undue influence or pressure while making decisions.  This independence is necessary to ensure fairness and impartiality in the judicial process.

Contempt of Court: Judges have the power to hold individuals in contempt of court for abusive behaviour or acts that obstruct or disregard the administration of justice.

Issuing Warrants and Orders: Judges can issue a variety of orders, including arrest warrants, search warrants, and court orders, to enforce laws or regulate legal proceedings.

Case Management: Judges have the authority to manage court proceedings during a trial, scheduling hearings and deciding on procedural matters.

 Judicial Review: In some legal systems, judges have the power of judicial review, which allows them to examine the constitutionality of laws and government actions.  They can declare laws or executive decisions unconstitutional if they violate the Constitution.

  It is important to note that the power of a judge is not absolute.  It is subject to checks and balances to ensure that the judicial system remains fair, impartial and accountable.  Judges are expected to apply the law impartially, follow legal principles and render decisions on the merits of each case.  Their decisions can be challenged through an appeals process or other mechanisms within the legal system.